How Does a Septic System Work?

Almost one-third of Americans have some sort of septic system that treats their home waste. And, at times, you may need to call in central Florida septic services to see what’s going on with it. A septic system has a very simple system; all of the drains in your house converge to one large pipe. This pipe then leads to the septic tank. When the water hits the septic tank, it separates into three layers.

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The heaviest matter (which usually includes fecal matter and other solid objects) is called sludge, and it is at the bottom of the tank. At the top of the septic tank, it has what is called the scum layer, which has the fats, oils, and other materials that float. The middle is called gray water, or sometimes called effluent. All together, these are called septage. This septage is what is taken out during the process of septic tank pumping, and helps to keep everything clean and sanitary around your home in the long run.

The design is put together so that, no matter what is in your system, the only thing that goes on the field is gray water. The drain field is a set of pipes that release the gray water below ground, but not so low that it contaminates water. The effluent is then filtered by good soil, and the rest of the organic material in the effluent acts as fertilizer.

If you have any questions about how your septic tank works, you can get answers from septic tank pumping companies. They can come in, look at your tank, and let you know everything that may be going on with it. And in the long run, they can help you to figure out just what steps you need to be able to take to get ahead of the game and find something that works for you and how you want to achieve your goals with the cleanliness of your home.